* This is my article in BusinessWorld last Monday, February 4, 2019.
The Senate is once again the battleground of public debates on many issues. This is because it is still deliberating its own versions of House Bills (HBs) passed on third reading, and the official campaign period will already start on February 12 — which means all congressional activities and meetings will cease and resume only after the May elections.
I checked the Senate website, the following are among the hot topic Senate Bills (SBs) scheduled for continuing debates this Monday and the rest of the week.
One, mining tax hike contained in HB 8400 and SBs 225, 927 and 1979, the Fiscal Regime and Revenue Sharing Arrangement for the Mining Industry. HB 8400 proposes a margin-based royalty on income from mining, like 1-10% margin, 1% royalty; 10-20% margin 1.5% royalty,… 60-70% margin, 4% royalty, and above 70% margin, 5% royalty.
Both SBs 225 and 927 set a new tax rate of 10% of gross revenue or 55% of adjusted net mining revenue (ANMR), whichever is higher.
The House version looks more rational because it is based on the net income and margin of the mining firms.
Two, tobacco excise tax hikes under HB 8677 and SBs 1599, 1605 and 2177. HB 8677 will raise the tax to P37.50/pack, then P2.50/year until it reaches P45/pack, then 4% rise annually. SB 1599 wants a hike to P60/pack then rise by 9% annually, SB 1605 wants a tax of P90/pack, also rise by 9% annually.
In a BusinessWorld report, “Cigarettes top fake-goods seizures amid rising taxes” (Feb. 1, 2019), it said,
“(In 2018) The interagency National Committee on Intellectual Property Rights (NCIPR) seized a total of P23.6 billion worth of fake goods, much higher than the 2017 level of P8.2 billion… cigarettes accounted for 85.81% of the value or P20.25 billion… IPOPHL Director General Josephine R. Santiago said that the report shows how illegal traders ‘are apparently shifting to heavily-taxed goods.’”
This is after tobacco tax has been increased from P30/pack under RA 10351 (Sin Tax law of 2012) to P35/pack under RA 10963 (TRAIN law of 2017). That is P20 billion worth of cigarettes paying zero for universal health care (UHC). And in late November 2018, P2.5-billion worth of fake cigarettes were seized in Pangasinan alone.
The “tax tobacco more” groups should be unhappy with this but now they want to further raise the tax to P60 or P90 per pack, and we can expect perhaps P40 billion or more worth of smuggled cigarettes.
Another report in BusinessWorld in May 1, 2018 said, “DoF warns cigarette smuggling may be helping finance terrorism.” So high tobacco taxes result in high tobacco smuggling that pays zero to UHC but gives more money to terrorism and criminal gangs.
Third, lowering the minimum age of criminal responsibility (MACR) from the current 15 years to 12 years old under HB 8858 and SB 1603, SB 2026. All are lousy proposals criminalizing 12 years and below for crime acts instead of parents or guardians.
When a child commits a crime repeatedly, like robbery or acting as drugs courier, and is caught several times, 100% the parents/guardians know and tolerate or encourage it, they must go to jail, the child should go through DSWD or LGUs reformation. There should be more focus on parental/guardians responsibility in rearing children.
And four, plenary deliberations on amending the Public Service Act (PSA) of 1936. HB 5828 and SB 1754 propose that two sectors, telecommunication and transportation, will be removed from public utilities where foreign capital is limited to only 40% maximum.
There seems to be no problem in liberalizing the transportation sector but there is problem in telecoms because of the entry of state-owned China Telecom as partner of Udenna Corp. of Dennis Uy in Mislatel as the third telco. There are fears of threats to Philippine national security if China Telecom will have a majority share over Mislatel.
Compared to our major neighbors in the ASEAN, the Philippines does not have enough infrastructure and investments in land/rail, sea/maritime and air/aviation sub-sectors. International maritime cargo here is expressed in twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU).
A compromise solution is to drop telecom from the PSA amendment now and proceed with transportation liberalization and allow foreign equity ownership above 40% up to 100%. Then file another bill in the next Congress to lift telecom from PSA’s “public utilities.” By then the public will have some ideas how China Telecom behaves in the country’s telecom sector.----------------
BWorld 288, Economic prospects 2019 and cement tariff, January 28, 2019
BWorld 289, Growth by elections and FDIs by PSA liberalization, January 31, 2019
BWorld 290, Universal charges and Solar sa Bayan franchise bill, February 4, 2019