o weeks from now, I will participate in a small group meeting-seminar on intellectual property rights (IPR) of independent Asian think tanks to be held in Hong Kong. The event is sponsored by The Policy Workshop, a public affairs firm that helps clients meet public
policy challenges and communications, headed by a friend, Cathy Windels.
The event will be held one day before the Economic Freedom Network (EFN) Asia 2014 conference, Among the cool reading materials are these.
The Global IP Center (GIPC) of the US Chamber of Commerce published a few months ago The International Intellectual Property Index, 2014 Report. Only 25 countries were covered though, the Philippines not one of them. Perhaps in the coming years.
Here is the overall result, global ranking of the countries included.
The GIPC Index consists of 30 indicators divided into six
major categories. Each indicator is scored between 0 and 1. The maximum
available score for the entire index is 30.
Category 1: Patents, Related Rights, and Limitations
1. Patent term of protection
2. Patentability requirements
3. Patentability of computer-implemented inventions
4. Pharmaceutical-related patent enforcement and
5. Legislative criteria and use of compulsory licensing
of patented products and technologies
6. Patent term restoration for pharmaceutical products
7. Regulatory data protection term
Category 2: Copyrights, Related Rights, and Limitations
8. Copyrights (and related rights) term of protection
9. Legal measures that provide necessary exclusive rights
that prevent infringement of copyrights and related rights (including Web
hosting, streaming, and linking)
10. Availability of frameworks that promote cooperative
action against online piracy
11. Scope of limitations and exceptions to copyrights and
12. Digital rights management legislation
13. Clear implementation of policies and guidelines
requiring proprietary software used on government
information and communication technology (ICT) systems to
be licensed software
Category 3: Trademarks, Related Rights, and Limitations
14. Trademarks term of protection (renewal periods)
15. Non-discrimination/non-restrictions on the use of
brands in packaging of different products
16. Ability of trademark owners to protect their
trademarks: requisites for protection
17. Legal measures available that provide necessary
exclusive rights to redress unauthorized uses of trademarks
18. Availability of frameworks that promote action
against online sale of counterfeit goods
Category 4: Trade Secrets and Market Access
19. Protection of trade secrets
20. Barriers to market access
21. Physical counterfeiting rates
22. Software piracy rates
23. Civil and procedural remedies
24. Pre-established damages and/or mechanisms for
determining the amount of damages generated by infringement
25. Criminal standards including minimum
26. Effective border measures
Category 6: Membership and Ratification of International
27. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
28. Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
30. At least one free trade agreement with substantive
and/or specific IP provisions such as chapters on IP and separate provisions on
IP rights provided it was signed after World Trade Organization/ TRIPS
The criteria seemed to be "tailored" so that the US would be in #1 rank, a comment from a friend. Maybe
but it was not the US government that made that report,
it was the US Chamber of Commerce.
In Asia, only China, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia,
Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam were included, and four of them are in the bottom -- Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and India.
Here is another data from the World IP Organization (WIPO), shared by WEF in their fb page. In terms of patent applications, a number of big Asian countries are on the top, they realize the value of IPR protection and its contribution to a more innovative, higher productivity economy. This data seems to contradict the GIPC Report although the latter covers all aspects of IPR while the WIPO data covers only patents.
This from WEF blog is interesting, How to benefit from China’s innovation boom
from imitation to innovation has been a matter of national policy in recent
years. In 2011, for example, the government established a set of ambitious
targets for the production of patents. Almost immediately, China became the
world’s top patent filer.
surpassed the US in other important measures. Each year, Chinese universities
award more PhDs in science and engineering than US institutions do – and more
than twice as many undergraduate degrees in these fields.
Moreover, China is
set to outpace the US in investment in research and development. Since 2001,
China’s R&D expenditure has been growing by 18% annually and has more than
doubled as a share of GDP. In the US, that ratio has remained relatively
...statistics from the US National Science Foundation reveal
a genuine drive to innovate across much of Asia, with East, South and Southeast
Asian countries together spending more on R&D than the US. And technology-intensive
activity in the region is fast approaching that of North America and Western
territorial disputes and other divisive issues, the commissioners of the patent
offices of Japan, South Korea, China and, to a lesser extent, Singapore and
Taiwan meet often to define and coordinate their intellectual-property (IP)
policies. China’s leaders know that they can learn from countries like Japan
and South Korea, which implemented policies to encourage innovation and protect
IP rights long before China did.
This is good news. The territorial dispute and packing up of armaments seem to be exaggerated by some sectors and the mainstream media.Underneath are many avenues for peace and commerce -- more global and regional trade, in both goods and services, like IPR and innovative products and processes.
More innovation will spur more global commerce and trade. And that should mean less likelihood of any regional war.
On IPR abolition 16: Debate with Teddy Boy Locsin, August 24, 2012
On IPR Abolition 17: Copyright by a Government Corporation, September 07, 2013
On IPR Abolition 18: Patent, Copyright and Jeffrey Tucker, May 15, 2013