One indicator of the presence of a bureaucracy is long lines of people. People cannot move or they cannot proceed to where they want to go, unless they get a permit first from a certain bureaucracy.
The immigration bureaucracy at Philippine international airports, especially at the NAIA Terminal 1, has this characteristic. Photo below, I took last September 27, 2010. I think I waited in that line for about 45 minutes before passing through the immigration exit procedure. Then go to second round of airport X-ray security. Photo below that I got from Philippine Star, I don't remember what month this year. That is for the arriving passengers from abroad.
Photos below I took yesterday morning. Upper left is at Terminal 1 main lobby, passengers lining up checking in their respective airlines. Upper right is for the payment of travel tax, P1,620 ($38.6 (at P42/US $). See my earlier discussion, Migration and Freedom 13: Travel Tax Robbery, December 06, 2011/
Lower photos, at the immigration again. I spent about 45 minutes queuing here. Until about three or four years ago, one would queue for about 45 to 60 minutes here on average. It is now 2012 and the long lines have not been solved yet.
I counted 14 desks for regular passengers, about six desks for OFWs, and four for diplomats. Of the 14 desks for regular passengers, four have no immigration officers. So if only all the 14 desks have officers there, the queuing time would have been reduced.
remarks before reading that note or announcement.
On another note, when I landed at Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) yesterday, I was surprised that passengers were not required to submit an immigration arrival card, wow! No need to fill up those immigration cards of where you will stay in Malaysia, what is your purpose, which foreign airport did you come from, etc.
You just show your passport and return ticket, the young immigration staff simply asked verbally what's the purpose of coming in, I said to attend a seminar, and that's it. He stamped an entry in my passport, and I was done in one minute. I would assume that no departure card will also be required for exiting foreigners.
In the US, you just submit your departure card to the airline when you board your plane, no need to pass through the immigration. Going through the US immigration is only upon arrival where they check if you have a valid US visa or not, you submit an arrival card, and go through electronic fingerprinting and photo.
I wish that the Philippine's Bureau of Immigration (BI) will become more efficient in processing exiting and arriving passengers, Filipinos and foreigners alike, and reduce the queuing time. High PH government officials like legislators are spared of this problem because they have a special and fast lane, the Diplomats' lane, and so they may not demand quick reforms at the BI to improve their system.
Passengers only want to get to the departure lounge of their boarding gate, or go to the food shops area, as quickly as possible as many of them lack sleep or rest before going to the airport. Coming back, passengers only want to go home as quickly as quickly as possible after their plane has landed.
Migration and Freedom 14: Shrink or Abolish the POEA, January 01, 2012
Migration and Freedom 15: Visa Free for Filipinos, January 02, 2012
Migration and Freedom 16: Mobility and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem, February 03, 2012
Migration and Freedom 17: US Taxing Nationals Abroad, May 16, 2012
Migration and Freedom 18: Getting a Philippine Passport, July 18, 2012