Inequality is good because it respects and rewards hard work, efficiency and ambition. The self-driven, the self-reliant and highly ambitious among us will ultimately rise to the top because they are never complacent. They are always moving, constantly innovating and improving on old ways and technologies.
On the other side of the fence, there are people who have little or zero ambition in life. To drink and party everyday, to rely on some outside support – from parents, siblings, friends, government welfare, and so on – for their continued existence, these are their simple joys and complacency.
Between the two, and many others in the middle, inequality is sure to happen in the short term, and such inequality will widen over the long term.
Friedrich Hayek, the famous Austrian economist-philosopher, wrote in Chapter 3 of his book, The Constitution of Liberty (1960),
The rapid economic advance that we have come to expect seems in a large measure to be the result of this inequality and to be impossible without it. Progress at such a fast rate cannot proceed on a uniform front but must take place in echelon fashion, with some far ahead of the rest.
All those government welfare and entitlement programs that are meant to reduce inequality and improve equality among the people are mostly unproductive, some are even counter-productive and destructive. When being poor is rewarded with lots of welfare programs like education for the poor, healthcare for the poor, housing for the poor, credit for the poor, agrarian reform for the poor, cash transfer for the poor, and probably soon, condoms and ligation for the poor, and such programs have no timetables, then there are incentives to remain poor.
Here is Hayek’s additional position on the matter:
Improving the position of the poorest by giving them what we took from the wealthy, would temporarily quicken the closing-up of the ranks, it would, before long, slow down the movement of the whole and in the long-run hold back those in the rear. All obstacles to the rise of some are, in the long run, obstacles to the rise of all… To prevent progress at the top would soon prevent it all the way down.
The implication of this is that government policies of institutionalizing forced equality, of confiscating a big portion of the incomes of the rich and self-driven people so that government will have lots of money to redistribute to others is dangerous. The mistake rests not only in penalizing hard work, performance and being ambitious, but also in rewarding people who are in the “confiscate here, subsidize there” programs.
When the poor and initially less ambitious see that there are less entitlements coming, when there are less taxes, regulations and bureaucracies if they become hard-working and entrepreneurial too, then they will become more self-driven and independent, less dependent on politicians and the state. And society can progress even faster.
Continued programs and policies that reallocate people’s talent away from more innovation towards more forced income redistribution, is among the scourge of modern human civilization.
Inequality 1: Rich Getting Richer is Good, August 29, 2009
Inequality 2: To Each According to his Needs... September 01, 2010
Inequality 3: Freedom, Free Market and Inequality, February 14, 2011
Hayek 3: Inequality and Progress, May 19, 2009